The world’s second-largest economy is currently confronting some of its worst prospects in years, and China named Li Qiang, a close confidant of top leader Xi Jinping, as its new premier on Saturday.
At the National People’s Congress, China’s ceremonial parliament, session on Saturday morning, Li was proposed by Xi and chosen for the post. That occurred the day after Xi, 69, won a record-breaking third five-year term as state leader, paving the way for him to potentially govern for the rest of time.
As party chief of the Chinese financial center, Li is best known for having imposed a harsh “zero-COVID” lockdown on Shanghai last spring, demonstrating his loyalty to Xi in the face of complaints from locals about their lack of access to food, medical care, and essential services.
Li, 63, got to know Xi when the future president served as governor of Zhejiang, a comparatively affluent province in the southeast that is now renowned as a hub for manufacturing and technology.
Prior to the epidemic, Li established a reputation for being supportive of private industry in Shanghai and Zhejiang, even as Xi implemented stricter political controls, anti-COVID restrictions, and increased control over e-commerce and other tech firms.
As premier, Li will be charged with reviving a sluggish economy still emerging from the COVID-19 pandemic and confronted with weak global demand for exports, lingering U.S. tariff hikes, a shrinking workforce and an aging population.
He takes on the job as authority of the premier and the State Council, China’s Cabinet, has been steadily eroding as Xi shifts more powers to bodies directly under the ruling Communist Party.
At the opening of the annual congress session on Sunday, outgoing Premier Li Keqiang announced plans for a consumer-led revival of the struggling economy, setting this year’s growth target at “around 5%.” Last year’s growth fell to 3%, the second-weakest level since at least the 1970s.
As with Xi’s appointment on Friday, there was no indication that members of the NPC had any option other than to endorse Li and other officials picked by the Communist Party to fill other posts.
Unlike Xi, who received the body’s full endorsement, Li’s tally included three opposed and eight abstentions.
The nearly 3,000 delegates deposited ballots into boxes placed around the vast auditorium in the Great Hall of the People, in a process that also produced new heads of the Supreme People’s Court and the state prosecutor’s office, and two vice chairmen of the Central Military Commission that commands the party’s military wing, the 2 million-member People’s Liberation Army.
Xi was renamed head of the commission on Friday, an appointment that has been automatic for the party leader for three decades. The premier has no direct authority over the armed forces, who take their orders explicitly from the party, and plays only a marginal role in foreign relations and domestic security.
Xi’s new term and the appointment of loyalists to top posts underscore his near-total monopoly on Chinese political power, eliminating any potential opposition to his hyper-nationalistic agenda of building China into the top political, military and economic rival to the U.S. and the chief authoritarian challenge to the Washington-led democratic world order.