Country needs hydrogen, CCS technology to attain goal of net zero emissions: National Grid
LONDON (UK) – National Grid said on Monday that the country’s goal of achieving zero emissions by the middle of the century is achievable provided it takes immediate action across a range of technologies including carbon capture and storage (CCS).
Last year the UK passed a law to bring down emissions to net zero by 2050, compared with its earlier target of at least an 80% reduction from 1990 levels.
“Reaching net zero carbon emissions by 2050 is achievable. However, it requires immediate action across all key technologies and policy areas, and full engagement across society and end consumers,” National Grid said in its annual Future Energy Scenarios report.
“Hydrogen and carbon capture and storage must be deployed for net zero,” it added. “Industrial-scale demonstration projects need to be operational this decade.”
Although hydrogen has been gaining popularity as a fuel, the number of projects using hydrogen made from renewable energy are quite few and costly.
CCS technology which traps green house emissions and buries them underground is yet to reach the commercialisation stage.
Last month, Norwegian oil company Equinor said it would build a plant in the UK to produce hydrogen from natural gas using CCS.
In order to achieve net zero output, there are other requirements such as negative power sector emissions by 2033; 40 gigawatts (GW) of new power connected to the electricity system within the next decade and the lowering of energy required to heat a house to a quarter of its present requirement.
The report said that at least 3 GW of wind and 1.4 GW of solar energy needs to be generated every year until 2050 and up to 80% of households need to smart charge their electric vehicles.
(Photos syndicated via Reuters)
This story has been edited by BH staff and is published from a syndicated field