PARIS (Reuters) – France and Germany will lay out plans on Monday for a limited joint euro zone budget focussed, for now, solely on financing investment, French Finance Ministry sources said on Friday.
They will steer clear of more controversial plans for using the proposed budget to help euro zone countries in economic downturns as they seek to overcome opposition to their ideas from other members of the single currency bloc.
Paris and Berlin agreed in June to flesh out plans for a joint budget by the end of the year as part of broader package on closer euro zone integration, proposals that have long been championed by President Emmanuel Macron.
However, the idea quickly ran into resistance from some other countries, led by the Netherlands, who are concerned about how much money it will require and how it will be used.
The French and German finance ministers will present their euro zone counterparts with the new proposal at a meeting on Monday in Brussels, while also clarifying the legal framework and governance for it.
“There’s agreement with the Germans to say we need a budget for investment and competitiveness spending,” one Finance Ministry source said.
Their plan also avoids mention of a set amount for the budget, leaving it to heads of state and government to decide, according to the two-page proposal seen by Reuters.
Under the proposal, the budget would be part of the EU budget even though it would be managed by euro zone governments, who would agree a framework for setting how much each pays in.
Euro zone countries would submit investment programmes to the European Commission for approval to tap funds from the budget and they could only receive it if they respect EU fiscal rules.
“The euro zone budget would foster convergence and incentivise reform implementation in particular by co-financing growth-enhancing public expenditures such as investments, research and development, innovation and human capital,” the proposal says.
“Moreover, it could also play a stabilising function in the euro zone, especially as investments are prone to be shed in case of pressure on national public finances,” it adds.
More difficult talks are likely to follow at a later time over whether and how to use the budget for some kind of economic stabilisation role, the Finance Ministry source said.
The French have proposed that countries could pay into a pool of money from which they could take out bridge loans during recessions to keep up investment spending. Countries could also stop making contributions during recessions, easing pressure on their budgets, the source said.
The European Commission has proposed a similar idea, but it would draw on funds from the EU budget and it would be worth 30 billion euros (£26.7 billion).
Meanwhile, the German Finance Ministry has proposed setting up a reinsurance fund for member countries’ own unemployment insurance, topping them up if needed in a downturn. Though not all of the German government is behind the ministry’s idea, France is open to it, the source said.
(Reporting by Leigh Thomas; Editing by Toby Chopra)